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CNN10 2020-05-20

CNN 10

Discussion About Technology and Contact Tracing Being Used to Stop Spread of COVID-19 and Possible Problems with Privacy; A Look at the Giant Oceanic Manta Ray in Mozambique; A Ninety-Year Old Japanese Woman Has Been Playing Video Games for 39 years.

Aired May 20, 2020 - 04:00 聽 ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: This is your daily objective explanation of world events aka CNN 10 and I'm your anchor Carl Azuz. Happy to have you watching this Wednesday. In the ongoing fight against COVID-19, nations around the world are increasingly turning to technology to track the disease. This isn't just about testing to find out who's had it. It's about finding out where someone who's tested positive has been, whom he or she might have interacted with and then telling those people that they might have been exposed to the disease. So let's say you go to a party and someone later tests positive for corona virus. You could get a call or text in the days afterward saying you might have been exposed and that you should stay home and socially distance yourself for 14 days.

The intent is that this could prevent you from spreading COVID-19 before you even know you have it. This form of tracking is called contact tracing. It requires a lot of workers to do it and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control says it's a key strategy for preventing the spread of corona virus. But those concerned about privacy say contact tracing could cause a lot of problems. For one thing, your smartphone can be used without you being told about it to learn a lot about the places you go, the time you spend there and the people you see based on their smartphone info.

Critics say anyone with access to this data could use it illegally to track information people expect to kept private. They're not only concerned about the mass surveillance of Americans, they're also uneasy about the possibility of this data still being collected even after the threat of the corona virus has passed. So contact tracing, while useful is controversial.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The scope of this is unprecedented especially for a respiratory virus.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: California is busy building an army to find out who has COVID-19 and to keep it from spreading further. Along with robust testing capabilities, these are key priorities under Governor Gavin Newsom's plan to fully reopen the state.

GOVERNOR GAVIN NEWSOM: These are simply disease detectives that will be trained to support existing workforce --

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Through a new program led by the University of California-San Francisco and UCLA, the state is virtually training, mostly current state and county employees, as contact tracers.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So as a contact tracer --

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Growing the force from 3,000 to about 13,000 by the end of the month. Once a positive test result is reported to the health department, that person can expect to get a call.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We'll talk to you about your symptoms and then really go over in detail where you've been in the last five days. We're interested in finding out with whom have you been in contact for more than 10 minutes within six feet without a mask on.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How much information are these people being asked to share?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We need to know who they are, where they are. Who their medical provider's are. Where they're going into isolation. We also want to know where they're working. This is - - not only about managing individuals but also trying to identify clusters of transmission.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just as tracers did when someone in Pasadena decided to throw a birthday party recently. One person brought a gift no one wanted.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There was someone who was coughing who attended the party and there were subsequently five laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: One infectious person who led to five confirmed cases within the city plus possibly five or six other party goers who live outside of Pasadena and were also beginning to show symptoms. All tracked down by talking to the person who initially tested positive for the virus to get the names and numbers of those they had been around.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What we're doing is for a particular reason, not to be invasive or intrusive or to take away any of their freedoms.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Marie Klub (ph) normally works for the Pasadena Central Library. For now she's assisting the city's health department as a contact tracer. After our call, she sends her notes to a public health nurse who does a secondary investigation.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They make a determination as to whether or not this person would be safe to go back to work.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Getting back to work, the ultimate goal not just for the recovered but for California as well.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. Which of these animals has the widest wingspan? Ostrich, manta ray, sting ray or wondering albatross. The wingspan or disc size of a giant manta ray can measure more than 25 feet across.

Manta means cloak or blanket in Spanish. A fitting term for the world's largest ray. Giant oceanic manta's can weigh up to 5,300 pounds, significantly more than Great White sharks but as far as people are concerned, mantas are gentle giants. These cold blooded fish don't have the venomous barb on their tails that sting rays have. Still, our friends at Great Big Story tell us that people should never touch a manta ray in the wild unless maybe they're experts. So next today, we're joining one for a swim both an expert and a manta off the coast of the east African country of Mozambique.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A manta rays are very large. They're one of the largest animals in the ocean, certainly they're larger than any of the ray species. They can get up to about 25 feet across. When they come towards you when they're that size, they look like an alien spacecraft as they go overhead. They actually blight out the sun. It's just so incredible to be that close to such a large animal especially one that you don't have to fear. My name's Andrea Marshall (ph). I'm a manta ray researcher and a marine biologist.

I've been in love with the ocean all of my life. Ever since I can remember I wanted to be a marine biologist. When I moved out to Africa with the intention of studying things like Great White sharks, I actually shifted my focus over to manta rays when I realized that no one had ever done a study on manta rays before. One of the things that makes manta rays so special is that they're large and sometimes people feel frightened by them just because of their sheer size. But actually they're one of the most gentle animals in the entire ocean.

Manta rays are a very intelligent animal. They actually have the largest brain of any marine fish but one of the things that surprises me the most is just the fact that they seek out encounters with humans. So this isn't an animal that swims away from you. This is an animal that swims to you.

They recognize you almost as a friend. Southern Mozambique is just an incredible location. I've lived here for the last 15 years and even though I've traveled all over the world to do my work. I enjoy coming back here because this is such a wild place. It's so exciting.

One of the reasons I began work on mantas is because I knew that these animals were under threat. Recently, you know, within the last 15 to 20 years they have started to be fished for Asian tonics and as a result of this we've seen manta populations crashing across the globe. Even here in Mozambique where we don't even have a very aggressive fishery, we've seen the population collapse by up to about 98 percent over the last 15 years.

We're starting to - - to lose them faster than we can study them. So it's really important for me to get these messages across to people who don't have the opportunity to peek down into the underwater world.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: It's not everyday you meet someone who's been playing video games for 39 years. Then again, it's not everyday you meet a 90 year old YouTuber. Homaka Mori (ph) holds the Guinness World Record for being the oldest YouTube gamer. She's known as "Gamer Grandma" to more than a quarter million subscribers. Back in the day when she started playing, and by that we mean 1981. Years before the Nintendo entertainment system came out, she says she was surrounded by kids who played games and thought they shouldn't be the ones having all the fun.

The Japanese nonagenarian stated with a cassette vision console and never looked back. So is it really all fun and games. She says she's always game for playing but feels defeated whenever it's game over. Of course she's able to control and "console" herself. "Nintendo" you know you get good at that after "PS-40" years of "un-boxing" games and constantly "switching" things up. I'm Carl Azuz. Last stop today is in Vietnam where we're happy to see the students of the Bi-lingual Canadian International School. They're watching from Ho Chi Minh City also known as Saigon and they're commenting at YouTube.com/cnn.

END